26 Янв Ankara Association Agreement 1963
Part of the agreement was to consist of EEC financial assistance to Turkey, including loans of ECU 175 million for the period 1963-1970. The results have been mixed; The EEC`s trade concessions to Turkey in the form of tariff quotas proved less effective than hoped, but the EEC`s share of Turkish imports increased considerably during this period[ 4] 40 Operationally, the MFA (such as the cotton regime) provided for rules for the imposition of restrictions, either through bilateral agreements or in the event of market disturbances or the threat of unilateral measures. With a few exceptions, importing countries were also required to allow an annual growth rate of restrictions. The Ankara Agreement was signed in Ankara on September 12, 1963.  The Agreement launched a three-stage process of creating a customs union to ensure Turkey`s full membership of the EEC. Once established, the customs union would begin to integrate the economic and trade policies that the EEC deemed necessary. 19 Other agreements concluded by the EC at the time with Mediterranean countries contained similar provisions. 16 The official names of the agreements have changed over time The European Communities are members of the WTO. The conditions for the application of the provisions of this Agreement in other areas to those territories shall be determined subsequently by agreement between the Parties. This cooperation was implemented within the framework of an «association agreement», called the Ankara Agreement, which was signed on 12 September 1963. An important element of this plan was the creation of a «customs union» so that Turkey could trade goods and agricultural products with EC countries without restrictions. Turkey first applied to become an associate member of the European Economic Community (EEC) in July 1959, after the creation of the EEC in 1958. The EEC reacted by proposing the creation of a transitional association to the full accession measure.
This led to negotiations that led to the Ankara Agreement on September 12, 1963.  The Agreement establishing an Association between the Republic of Turkey and the European Economic Community (commonly known as the Ankara Agreement) (Turkish: Ankara Anlaşması) is a treaty signed in 1963 that provides the framework for cooperation between Turkey and the European Union (EU). 2. This phase shall last a maximum of twelve years, subject to derogations which may be made by mutual agreement. Derogations shall not preclude the definitive establishment of the customs union within a reasonable time. The Parties agree to develop a consultation procedure to ensure the coordination of their trade policies vis-à-vis third countries and mutual respect for their interests in this field, including in the event of subsequent accession or association of third countries with the Community. 1. The association shall also cover agriculture and trade in agricultural products in accordance with specific rules which take account of the Community`s common agricultural policy. HER ROYAL HIGHNESS THE GRAND DUCHESS OF LUXEMBOURG, 2004 On 17 December, the European Council decides to open accession negotiations with Turkey. This Convention shall be subject to ratification by the signatory States in accordance with their respective constitutional requirements and shall become binding on the Community by a Decision of the Council adopted in accordance with the Treaty establishing the Community and notified to the Contracting Parties to this Convention. The agreement aimed at the free movement of workers, establishments and services, including almost complete harmonisation with Community policy in the field of the internal market. However, it excluded Turkey from political positions and, to some extent, ruled out referring the matter to the European Court of Justice for the settlement of disputes.
 (i) average imports from Turkey over the period 1992-1994 for the calculation of product categories 1, 2, 2a, 3a and 23; and Article 6(1) of Decision 1/80 of the Association Council provides that Turkish nationals who are lawfully employed in a Member State of the EEC for a specified period of time shall have the right to remain in that State or to change jobs The Member States of the Community and Turkey undertake to respect, in the currency of the country in which the creditor or beneficiary resides: all payments or transfers relating to the movement of goods, services or capital, as well as all transfers of capital or income, in so far as the movement of goods, services, capital and persons between them has been liberalised under this Agreement. .